Ultrasonic homogenizers, or sonicators, are used in cell lysis and particle size reduction applications. This equipment uses pulsed, high frequency sound waves to disrupt particles through a phenomenon called cavitation. Cavitation occurs when a rapid pressure change causes “liquid-free zones” or cavities in a liquid.
The electrical energy is converted into sound energy through the transducer, and this energy is transformed into dense small bubbles through the liquid medium. These small bubbles burst rapidly, producing energy like small bombs, thereby breaking cells and other substances. effect.